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Nairobi, Kenya, Africa

Founded: 1899;Nairobi Town

Incorporated: 1903

Location: 500 km (300 mi) west of the Indian Ocean in Kenya’s Central Highlands

Nairobi flagFlag (Nairobi): Field divided into yellow and green

quarters, with center circle featuring blue and white waves.

Motto: City in the Sun

Flower: Gloriosa Lily (Kenya)

Time Zone: 3:00 pm Universal Coordinated

Time (UCT-3) = noon Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

Ethnic Composition: Kenya boasts 43 ethnic tribes

Official Language: English

National Language: Swahili

Major Ethnic Groups: Kenyan African groups—Kikuyu, Luo, Luhyia, Kalenjin, Kisii, and Kamba; Asians (people who trace their origins to India and Pakistan), Europeans, and Somalis

Elevation: 1,680 meters (5,512 feet)

Latitude and Longitude: 1 ° 16’S, 36 ° 48’E

Climate: Tropical highland with sunny days, mild daily temperatures, and cool nights

Annual Mean Temperature: September to April maximum average daytime temperature 24 ° C (75 ° F) and minimum average nighttime temperature 13 ° C (55.4 ° F); May to August maximum average daytime temperature 21 ° C (70 ° F) and minimum average nighttime temperature 11 ° C (51.8 ° F)

Seasonal Average Rain: Heavy rains March to May; lighter rains November to December

Government: Governor County

Weights and Measures: Metric system

Monetary Units: Kenyan Shilling

Telephone Area Codes : +254 (Kenya country code); 020 (Nairobi city code)

Main Currency in Circulation: Kenya Shillings (KShs.)